Frequently Asked Questions
The Info You’re After
WHAT IS CBD (CANNABIDIOL)?
A non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis sativa plant. CBD is an abbreviation for cannabidiol. All mammals, humans, horses, pets (dogs and cats) naturally produce CBD. All mammals have an endocannabinoid system (ECS). ECS is involved in a variety of physiological processes, including regulating pain an inflammation, cardiovascular and digestive health, cognitive and memory functions, immunity and more. With diseases, injuries and age, the body doesn’t produce enough cannabinoids to keep the ECS running efficiently. This endocannabinoid deficiency can lead to even more health issues and ailments. CBD and other related plant cannabinoids are the only compounds found in the natural world that work with mammalian cannabinoid receptors.
Researchers have uncovered numerous health related benefits tied directly to the use of CBD, including analgesic (pain reduction), anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, and anti-anxiety, to name a few. This Cannabinoid has become extremely popular in recent years, particularly after the passage of the 2014 Farm Bill and Phytocannabinoid Rich Hemp began to be grown specifically for it’s CBD and cannabinoid content.
WHAT IS THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM?
The endocannabinoid system is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the vertebrate central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.
HOW CBD WORKS
All cannabinoids, including CBD, produce effects in the body by attaching to certain receptors.
The human body produces certain cannabinoids on its own. It also has two receptors for cannabinoids, called the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, but many are in the brain. The CB1 receptors in the brain deal with coordination and movement, pain, emotions, and mood, thinking, appetite, and memories, and other functions. THC attaches to these receptors.
CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.
Researchers once believed that CBD attached to these CB2 receptors, but it now appears that CBD does not attach directly to either receptor. Instead, it seems to direct the body to use more of its own cannabinoids.